Reflection of Economic Developments on the System of Livelihood and Spatial Activity of Rural Housing

Document Type : Original Article


Department of architecture, Faculty of architecture and urban planning, Qazvin branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran


Rural housing expresses the concept of widespread interference of livelihood, housing, and lack of time separating activities in the rural life system. In Iran, the abolition of the landlord-peasant system with the implementation of the Land Reform Law (1962) was the source of major changes in the economy, social relations, and the beginning of a change in the physical form of rural housing. Because economic developments with three basic sources of non-economic affairs - change in the quantity and quality of societies, change in human knowledge, and change in the institutional framework - have affected the body of rural housing and is a function of motivational institutions, empowerment, and technology. Therefore, the process of economic transformation has caused the body of rural settlements to move to quasi-urban housing and productive rural economy to the consumer economy due to changes in the living patterns of residents, which is affected by the weakness in providing a suitable model of livelihood-oriented housing. Technologies of the day. In the present study, field and library methods have been used to collect data. Three villages of Hir, Ziaran, and Hesar Khorvan were selected from mountainous and plain villages of Qazvin province. The results show that the productive nature of villages requires decision-makers to work to create the necessary conditions for the continuation of both biological and economic activities, to revive what lies like life, body, and rural housing. In the meantime, architects can read the patterns of indigenous and traditional architecture and design in modern language, and the efficiency of new technology tailored to the type of livelihood of the villagers - Rural Style - Create a combination of tradition and modernity that both connects the village landscape to the past and represents our modern future.


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