Training in Basic Design Studio: Analysis of Tutor & Novice Students Interactions, Using Linkography Method

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Architecture, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran

2 Department Architecture, Bualisina University Of Hamedan, Hamedan, Iran


In the basic architectural design studio, due to the student being at the novice level and their unfamiliarity with the nature of design knowledge, there are always challenges in the field of learning and teaching. The most important educational activity in the architectural design studio that increases the design ability of novice students is the interaction between tutor and student, around solving the design problem. Therefore, studying and analyzing the correction sessions held by the tutor while solving the design problem can provide complete information about the quality of interactions and the factors affecting them. This set of information can be useful in future studies to facilitate design education for novice students. one of the most recent and also most accurate methods to analyze the way designers think in the situation they face with a design problem is to analyze design sessions using the Linkography method. In this method, what happens aurally during the design critique session between the tutor and the novice student is written down and the resulting text is coded using the FBS method. In FBS coding, codes are design problems and their relationship to each other defines design processes. Linkography is a method that converts the conceptual connection between codes into visual the current research, the interactions of tutors and novice students in three basic design studios have been analyzed and reviewed using the Linkography method. In the next step, citing the results of the analysis of Schön's theory as the most complete written research in the field of studio education, the role of the tutor in a successful studio has been identified. the results demonstrate that to establish successful interactions between tutor and student in the basic design studio, playing the role of the coach by the tutor is necessary. The tutor in the position of coaching has special behavioral characteristics that are introduced in the final research results.


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