Different Ways of Organizing Space Based on the Architectural Models of Traditional Houses: A New Approach to Designing Modern Houses: (Case Study: Qazvin’s Traditional Houses)

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Associate Professor, Department of Architecture , Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning , Buein Zahra Technical University, Buein Zahra, Qazvin, Iran

3 PhD Candidate, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University,Semnan, Iran

Abstract

The architecture of houses, design and management are a collection of behaviors that are realized in space. The recognition of traditional houses requires having space in possession; that is to say, seeing the building and seeking the key to appreciating it. On the one hand, it refers to the different dimensions and features of the building and on the other, it represents the main objectives of life and the respective spiritual content in the builders’ lifestyles. Employing the typological method, this article has attempted to arrive at an applied appreciation of criteria for organizing space in traditional houses in Qazvin. In the theoretical section, this study made use of a qualitative and library-based approach and an analytical-descriptive method for the theoretical framework. In the applied section, however, this research employed a library-based approach as well as an experimental-descriptive method to observe and assess the documents attributed to these old houses. The results of the present study indicate that with respect to spatial patterns, there are three types of space: open, closed and covered. They are shaped when combined with the three components of roof, ceiling and wall depending on the location, weather, temperature and the area of the yard.

Keywords


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