Investigating the Effective Factors on the Sense of Place in Relation to Urban Migrations (Case Study: City of Qazvin)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran


The sense of the place is a collection of anecdotes and individual or collective narratives that take place in association with the place, they play a role in developing social attachments to the place. This sense leads to a link between the individual to the place in which human being considers himself or herself as a part of the place and considers a role for himself or herself a role in that space based on the experiences that are created by signs, meanings, and functions. A space can create a sense of belonging and attachment to a place can bring the possibility of a social event and a shared experience among the people; This sense leads to the link between the individual and the place in which human being considers himself or herself as a part of the place and considers himself or herself a role in the place based on his or her experiences which are based on the signs, meanings, functions and character and the place will become respectable for them. The following paper is a descriptive-analytic research with the survey method which is done with the distribution of questionnaires among a number of 370 residents of the city. The variable of the sense of belonging and the influential factors on it which include personal, environmental and similar factors are considered as independent variables, also the migration and influential factors on it are considered as the intervening or controlling variables. To check the research hypothesis, statistical tests were used. The results indicated the fact that there is a meaningful relationship between the sense of belonging and intercity migration, in the sense that the amount of migration was lower for the people with higher levels of belonging, this relationship was statistically proven as the resulted levels of meaningfulness is less than 05/0, therefore the main hypothesis of the research is validated.


  1. Ahmadi, F. and Afshar, A., Agha Latifi, A. (2013). Impacting factors on the sense of belonging in the process of recreation in the residential textures surrounding the Imam Reza shrine, Noghan locality, Haft Shahr magazine, issue 47-48.(In persian)
  2. Afroogh, E. (1998). Space and spatial inequality, TarbiatModarres university publications. (In persian)
  3. Ezzati, S. (2014), Analysing and comparing the sense of belonging in the old and new urban textures (Case study: Amirieh and Sadequiyeh locality), Master thesis in the field of urbanization within an urban management area of interest. Qazvin islamic Azad University. (In persian)
  4. Gugler, J. and Gilbert, A. (1994). Cities, poverty and development: urbanization in the third world, Trans: Karimi Naser, P., Tehran: Central office of the Tehran municipality public relations.
  5. Parvin, S. and et all  (2013). Intercity migration and the probability of forming social harms (Case study: DarvazehGhar locality), Social security studies quarterly, issue 35, fall, pp. 107-130. (In persian)
  6. Pour Ahmad, A. and et all  (2011). Analysing role of the living space quality in the intercity migrations (Case study: Khorramabad’s old texture), Human geography studies, issue 57, Autumn. (In persian)
  7. Tavassoli, G.(1995), Urban sociology, Payam-e Noor Publications. (In persian)
  8. Javan Frozandeh, A. and Motalebi, G. (2010). Definition of the sense of belonging to the place and it’s consisting factors, Haft Shahr, issue 8, Vol. 5, Spring and Summer. (In persian)
  9. Rezaie. M. (2015). Designing desirable urban landscape and vista of Mehrshahr are in Karaj city with developing the sense of belonging approach, Master research article on urbanization with …, Qazvin islamic Azad University. (In persian)
  10. Rapoport, A. (2005). The meaning of a built environment, a nonverbal communication approach. Trans: Habib, F. ,Tehran procedure planning Center.
  11. Zanjani, H. (2005). Migration, Samt publications, Tehran. (In persian)
  12. Zanganeh, y. and et all (2011). Analysing the processes and motivations for intercity migrations (case study: Sabzevar, Geographical studies of the droughty areas, vol. 2, Issue 7., Spring. (In persian)
  13. Falahat, M.(2006).  Definition of the sense of place and their forming[/contributing] factors, Fine Arts magazine, issue 26, summer. (In persian)
  14. Motallebi, G. (2006). Recognition of the form and function in the architecture, Fine arts magazine, issue 25, spring, pp. 55-64. (In persian)
  15. Movahedi, M. and Niazi, S. (2008). Relationship between the migration of female students to the foreign countries and their cultural specifications, Women studies. (In persian)