Plants Role in Noise Reduction of Interior Walls (Comparison of Noise Absorption in Native Species and Non-Native Species)

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Architecture, Arts and Architecture, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

2 Department of Botany, Biology, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran.

Abstract

Noise pollution is one of the most important features of architectural spaces having a great impact on the comfort of residents. Therefore, providing appropriate and sustainable solutions for noise pollution control is essential. Today, with the use of man-made synthetic materials, it has been tried to improve the sound performance of buildings. The purpose of this study is to show the characteristics of plants for noise absorption and noise reduction and to find suitable species to use in interior walls of buildings to reduce noise pollution between the two adjacent spaces. Library studies were first used to identify plants and their morphology in order to identify plant species with these characteristics. Adaptability of acoustic principles to plant tissue was also assessed, and then the species morphological parameters were extracted through laboratory calculations and measurements using scales, calipers and AutoCAD software. The results showed that Nephrolepis Exaltata (Boston ferns) has more sound absorption. As a result, the sound absorption can be improved by the use of covered walls. It can also be assumed that non-native species present in Iran exhibit better sound absorption than native species

Keywords


Akbari, P., Yazdanfar, A., Hosseini, B., Norouzian, S. (2020) ‘Identification of Building Façade Functions by Using Fuzzy TOPSIS Technique’, , Space Ontology International Journal, 9 (1), 37-45
Akhani, H., Khoshravesh, R., Eskandari, M., Greuter, W. (2009) ‘Ferns and Fern Allies of Iran’, Rostaniha, 10 (35), 1-141.
Alessandro, F., Asdrubali, F., Mencarelli, N. (2015) ‘Experimental Evaluation and Modelling of the Sound Absorption Properties of Plants for Indoor Acoustic applications’, Building and Environment, 94 (2), 913-923.
Alamdari, Z., Khavanin, A., Kokabi, M. (2008) ‘Manufacturing Sound Absorber Based on Combined Recycling of Polyethylene Trephetalat and Polystyrene at Low and Median Frequencies’, Audiology, 17 (1), 1-10.
Arabi, S., Golabchi, M., Darabpour, M. (2020) ‘A Qualitative Approach Towards the Implementation of Urban Sustainability in Tehran’, Space Ontology International Journal, 9 (1), 77-91.
Asdrubali, F., Horoshenkov, K., Mencarelli, N., D’Alessandro, F. (2014) ‘Sound Absorption Properties of Tropical Plants for Indoor Applications’, The 21st International Congress on Sound andVibration, China, 1-9.
Aylor D. (1972) ‘Noise Reduction by Vegetation and Ground’, J.Acoust.Soc.Am, 51, 197-205.
Azkorra, Z., Perez, G., Coma, J., Cabeza, L., Bures, S., Alvaro, J., Erkoreka, A., Urrestarazu, M. (2015) ‘Evaluation on Green Walls as a Passive Insulation System for Buildings’, Applied Acoustics, 89, 46-56.
Azhdanian, L. (2017) ‘Green wall, a combination of architecture, technology and nature’, Javaneh, 6-9.
Bokour, V. (2006) Acoustic of Wood, Translated by Ali Yavari, Islamic Azad University. Iran: Tehran.
Dabiri. M. (2000) Environmental Pollution: Air- Water- Soil- Sound. Etehad, Iran: Tehran.
Erfani, M. (2008) ‘Noise Pollution and its Control Methods with Emphasis on Green Space Design’, Department of Environmental Protection of North Khorasan, Khorasan.
Fallah, P., Oveisi, E., Esmaeli, A., Ghasempori, M. (2006) ‘The Effect of Traffic Noise Pollution on Public and Mental Health of Yazd Citizens’, Enviromental Studies, 43, 41-50.
Ghaem maghami, P., Rahayi, O. (2013) ‘Environment and Sustainable Measures in the Design of Future Buildings’, Enviromental Science and Technology, 2, 135-146.
Horoshenkov, K., Yang, H., Benkreira, H., Kang, J. (2012) ‘Acoustical Properties of Living Plants’, Proceedings of the Institute of Acoustics, 1-8.
Horoshenkov, K., Benkreira, H. (2013) ‘Acoustic Properties of Low Growing Plants’, Acoustical Society of America, 133, 5, 1-42.
Jaafar, B., Said, I., Rasidi, M. (2011) ‘Evaluating the Impact of Vertical Greenery System on Cooling Effect on High Rise Buildings and Surroundings: A Review’, Senvar 2011, 1-9.
Kolyaei, M., Hamzenejhad, M., Bahrami, P., Litkouhi, S. (2016) ‘Comparison of Different Types of Green Wall to Achieve Sustainability’, Modern Research in Civil Engineering, Architectural & Urban Development, Turkey, 1-20.
Martens, M., Michelsen, A. (1981) ‘Absoprtion of Acoustic Energy by Plant Leaves’, J.Acoust.Soc.Am, 1, 303-306.
Stein, B., Reynolds, J. (2015) Acoustic Principles in Buildings, Translated by Parvin Nasiri, Ministry of Road, Housing & Urban Development. Iran: Tehran.
Smyrnova, Y., Kang, J., Cheal, C., Tijs, E., Bree, H. (2010) ‘Laboratory Test of Sound Absorption of Vegetation’, Proceedings of the 1st EAA-EuroRegio, Slovenia, 1-12.