The Role of House Outdoor Environment Features in Creating Home Attachment

Document Type : Original Article

Author

Islamic Azad University of Isfahan(Khorasgan)

Abstract

Home attachment is a positive emotional bond between home and its dwellers which may result in safety, solace and tranquility for them. To create this kind of relationship, some physical and social prerequisites need to exist inside home. This article aims to answer the question whether house outdoor environment features are also effective in developing home attachment or not. Aiming to answer the question, it tries to survey features effective in creating home attachment in order to discover those related to house outdoor environment. It employs causal process method in which a logical causal link is made between linkable concepts in the research area. This causal relationship is discoursed by referring to related literature. Therefore, some outdoor prerequisites for home attachment can be revealed after going through some causal steps. This research has identified “residential satisfaction” as a preliminary step for creating home attachment. After establishing this causal relationship, efforts are made to discover some outdoor features effective in residential satisfaction by survey on literature of this area and coding proper concepts through content analysis. Based on this article findings, some outdoor features effective in developing residential satisfaction and also home attachment are: "exterior view of the house and neighboring buildings", "neighboring satisfaction", and "quality and good reputation of neighborhood". Lack of these features will result in decreasing residential satisfaction leading to a decrease in home attachment. Concentrating on these factors and presenting physical and social solutions to improve them can result in creating homes that may ease dwellers attachment.

Keywords


Ahrentzen, S. B. (1992). Home as a Workplace in the Lives of Women, In: I. Altman, and S. Low (Eds.), place attachment, New York: Plenum Press, 12, 113-138
Altman, I., Low, S. M. (1992). Place Attachment. Human Behavior and Environment, Advances in Theory and Research: Vol. 12. Boston, MA: Springer US.
Amerigo, M. & Aragones, J. I. (1990). Residential Satisfaction in Council Housing. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 10: 313-325
Amerigo, M. & Aragones, J. I. (1997). A Theoretical and Methodological Approach to the Study of Residential Satisfaction, Journal of Environment Psychology, 17: 47-57
Anton, C.E. & Lawrence, C. (2014). Home is where the heart is: The effect of place of residence on place attachment and community participation, Journal of Environment Psychology,40: 451-461
Aragonés, J. I., Francescato, G., & Gärling, T. (Eds.). (2002). Residential environments: Choice, satisfaction, and behavior. Praeger Pub Text.
Bardo, J. W., & Hughey, J. B. (1984). The structure of community satisfaction in a British and an American community. The Journal of Social Psychology, 124(2), 151-157.
Bonaiuto, M., Aiello, A., Perugini, M., Bonnes, M & Ercolani, A. P. (1999). Multidimensional perception of residential environment quality and neighborhood attachment in the urban environment. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19(4), 331-352
Bonaiuto, M., Fornara, F., & Bonnes, M. (2003). Indexes of perceived residential environment quality and neighbourhood attachment in urban environments: a confirmation study on the city of Rome. Landscape and urban planning, 65(1), 41-52.
Bonaiuto, M., Fornara, F., Ariccio, S., Cancellieri, U. G., & Rahimi, L. (2015). Perceived residential environment quality indicators (PREQIs) relevance for UN-HABITAT City Prosperity Index (CPI). Habitat International, 45, 53-63.
Brocato, E. D. (2006). Place attachment: an investigation of environments and outcomes in a service context.
Brown, B., Perkins, D. & Brown, G. (2003). Place attachment in a revitalizing neighbourhood: individual and block levels of analysis. Journal of environmental psychology, 23, 259-271
Brown, B. B. & Werner, C. M. (1985). Social Cohesiveness, Territoriality, and Holiday Decorations the Influence of Cul-de-Sacs. Environment and Behavior,5(17),  539-565
Canter, D., Rees, K.A. (1982). Multivariate model of housing satisfaction. International review pf applied psychology, 32, 185-208
Casakin, H., & Reizer, A. (2017). Place attachment, residential satisfaction, and life satisfaction: Traditional and renewed kibbutz. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 27(7), 639-655.
Cooper Marcus, C. (2006). House as a mirror of self: Exploring the deeper meaning of home. Nicolas-Hays, Inc.
Cross, J. E. (2015). Processes of place attachment: An interactional framework. Symbolic interaction, 38(4), 493-520.‏
Davidson Reynolds, P. (1971). A primer in theory construction, The Bobbs- Merrill company, New York.
Fisher, R. A., Povey, S., Bobrow, M., Solomon, E., Boyd, Y., & Carritt, B. (1977). Assignment of the DIA1 locus to chromosome 22. Annals of human genetics, 41(2), 151-155.
Francescato, G., Weidemann, S., & Anderson, J. R. (1989). Evaluating the built environment from the users’ point of view: an attitudinal model of residential satisfaction. In Building evaluation (pp. 181-198). Springer US.
Fried, M. (1982). Residential attachment: Sources of residential and community satisfaction. Journal of social issues, 38(3), 107-119.
Fullilove, M. T. (1996). Psychiatric implications of displacement: Contributions from the psychology of place. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153: 16-23
Galster, G. (1987). Identifying the correlates of dwelling satisfaction an empirical critique. Environment and Behavior, 19(5), 539-568.
Ghazizadeh, S. N. (2011). The role of residential environments outdoor design on place attachment. Doctoral assertion, University of Tehran, Iran.
Halpenny, E. A. (2006). Environmental behaviour, place attachment and park visitation: A case study of visitors to Point Pelee National Park.
Hashas, M. H. (2004). Residents’ Attachment to New Urbanist Versus Conventional Surburban Developments. Doctoral Dissertation, North Carolina State University.
Kamalipour, H., J. Yeganeh, A., & Alalhesabi, M. (2012). Predictors of place attachment in urban residential environments. Procedia- Social and Behavioral Sciences, 35:459-467.
Kim, J. & Kaplan, R. (2004). Physical and Psychological Factors in Sense of Community: New Urbanist Kentlands and Nearby Orchard Village. Journal of Environment and Behavior, 36: 313-340
Khozaei, F., Ramayah, T., Sanusi Hassan, A., & Surienty, L. (2012). Sense of attachment to place and fulfilled preferences, the mediating role of housing satisfaction. Property Management, 30(3), 292-310.
Kyle, G., Graefe, A. & Manning, R. (2005). Testing the Dimensionality of Place Attachment in Recreational Settings. Journal of Environment and Behavior, 37, 153-177
Lewika, M. (2011). Place attachment: How far have we come in the last 40 years? Journal of Environmental  Psychology, 31(3), 207-230
Marans, R. W., & Rodgers, W. (1974). Toward an understanding of community satisfaction. Metropolitan America, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, 311-375.
Mesch, G. S.; Manor, O. (1998). Social Ties, Environmental Perception, and Local Attachment. Journal of Environment and Behavior, 30, 504-519
Milligan, M. J. (1998). Interactional past and potential: The social construction of place attachment, Symbolic interaction,21(1), 1-33
Morrissy, E., & Handal, P. J. (1981). Characteristics of the residential environment scale: Reliability and differential relationship to neighborhood satisfaction in divergent neighborhoods. Journal of Community Psychology, 9(2), 125-132.
Newman, O. (1972). Defensible space. New York: Macmillan.
Proshansky, H. M., Fabian, A. K. & Kaminoff, R. (1983). Place-Identity: Physical World Socialization of the Self. Journal of Environmental  Psychology, 3, 57-83
Rastbod, S; & Aflatounian, Z. (2018). The relationship between place attachment and satisfaction of visitor in cinema multiplex (case study: pardis Melat and Koorosh, Tehran, Iran). Space ontology international journal, 7(2), 15-21.
Relph, E. (1976). Place and placelessness. Research in planning and design: Vol. 1. London: Pion.
Rubinstein, R. I. & Parmelee, P. A. (1992). Attachment to place and the representation of the life course by the elderly, In: Place attachment, 139-163
Sattarzadeh, D. (2018). The effect of designing urban public spaces on place attachment (case study: Tabriz, Iran). Space ontology international journal, 7(4), 53-64.
Scannell, L., & Gifford, R. (2017). The experienced psychological benefits of place attachment. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 51, 256-269.‏
Scannell, L. & Gifford, R. (2010). Defining place attachment: A tripartite organizing framework. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30(1), 1-10
Seamon, D. (2014). Place Attachment in Phenomenology: The Synergistic Dynamism of Place. In L. C. Manzo & P. Devine-Wright (Ed.), Place Attachment: Advances in Theory, Methods, and Applications, (PP. 125-137), New York: Routledge.
Shabak, M et al., (2015). Procedia- Social and Behavioral Sciences, 201: 39-48
Shumaker, S. A., & Taylor, R. B. (1983). Toward a clarification of people-place relationships: A model of attachment to place. Environmental psychology: Directions and perspectives, 2, 19-25.
Speare, A. (1974). Residential satisfaction as an intervening variable in residential mobility. Demography, 11(2), 173-188.
Stedman, R. C. (2002). Toward a social psychology of place: predicting behavior from place-based cognitions, attitude, and identity. Environment and Behavior, 34(5), 561-581
Stedman, R. C. (2003). Is it really just a social construction?: The contribution of the physical environment to sense of place, Society &Natural Resources, 16(8), 671-685
Stokols, D., & Shumaker, S. A. (1981). People in places: A transactional view of settings. Cognition, social behavior, and the environment, 441-488.
Tsai, S. P. (2012). Place attachment and tourism marketing: Investigating international tourists in Singapore. International Journal of Tourism Research, 14(2), 139-152
Tuan, Y.-f. (1974). Topophilia:  a study of environmental perception, attitudes, and values. Englewood Cliffs N.J: Prentice-Hall.
Tuan, Y.-f. (1991). Language and the making of place: A narrative-descriptive approach, Annals of the Association of American geographers, 81(4), 684-696
Weidemann, S., & Anderson, J. R. (1985). A conceptual framework for residential satisfaction. In Home environments (pp. 153-182). Springer US.
Williams, D. R.; Patterson, M. E., Roggenbuck, J. W. & Watson, A. E. (1992). Beyond the commodity metaphor: Examining emotional and symbolic attachment to place, Leisure Sciences, 14(1),29-46
Williams, D. R. & Vaske, J.J. (2003). The Measurement of Place Attachment: Validity and Generalizability of a Psychometric Approach. Journal of Forest Science, 49, 830-840
Williams, D. R., & Roggenbuck, J. W. (1989, October). Measuring place attachment: Some preliminary results. In NRPA Symposium on Leisure Research, San Antonio, TX (Vol. 9).
Wynveen, C. J., Schneider, I. E., Cottrell, S., Arnberger, A., Schlueter, A. C., & Von Ruschkowski, E. (2017). Comparing the Validity and Reliability of Place Attachment across Cultures. Society & Natural Resources, 1-15.‏