Investigating the Consequences Arising from Regeneration Policy in the Historical Fabric of the city of Bushehr Case study: Construction of the Faculty of Art and Architecture

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Faculty of Conservation, Art University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

2 Faculty of Urban Planning, Art University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

3 Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

After the passage of several decades of having the experience of employing regeneration plans through conservation and development, examining the results of these policies can be a topic for extensive investigations. These are the topics that inattention toward them has so far resulted in the circumstances in which not only regeneration plans have been frustrated in the realization of their objectives, but also, the weakness in foundations and implementation of these plans have imposed injurious impacts. This article has sought to answer this question that: What are the real consequences of the plans for regeneration in historic urban texture and to what extent these policies have been able to realize their desired objectives? This study intends to provide the circumstances for analysis of the process and consequences of the implementation of regeneration plans in the historic urban by utilizing the Grounded Theory. For this purpose, the construction of the Faculty of Architecture has been selected as one of the regeneration policies in the historic urban texture of Bushehr. This article delineates the factors and conditions governing the policy of conservation and the results accrued from the development experience, and it proceeds to reconstruct and compare the circumstances by which the inhabitants of the city and the officials responsible perceive and interpret the consequences of development and conservation. In the end, a model is provided based on the Grounded Theory which includes the three dimensions of conditions, interactions, and consequences, to find the root causes of existing problems, as well as to determine the criteria assessing the efficiency of such schemes in a realistic and comprehensive manner.

 

Keywords


  1. Adair, A. Berry, J. McGreal,S. Deddis,B & Hirst, S.(1999). Evaluation of Investor Behaviour in Urban Regeneration. Journal of Urban Studies. 36: 2031.
  2. Aiello, A.  Grazia, A.) 2010). Neighbourhood planning improvement. Evaluation and Program Planning.33: 264–275.
  3. Aminpoor, A. Abbasi, M. (2011). The Principle of Minimum Interference-The Challenge ahead for interferences. Journal of Historical-Cultural historic urban textures and monuments’ restoration, Issue 1.(In persian)
  4. Burrell, G., & Morgan, G. (1979). Sociological Paradigms and Organizational Analysis: Elements of the Sociology of Corporate Life. London: Heinemann
  5. Consultant Engineers of Bagh Andishe. (2003a). The Project for Improvement of the Old urban texture of the city of Bushehr. (In persian)
  6. Consultant Engineers of Bagh Andishe. (2003b). Strategic Plan for 108 hectares of the city of Bushehr’s Old Structural Historic urban texture. (In persian)
  7. Consultant Engineers of Bagh Andishe. (2012). The Improvement and Renovation Plan for the Historic urban texture of the Port of Bushehr.
  8. Consultant Engineers of Padideh Samet (2010). The Plan for Restoration and conservation of Bushehr’s Historic urban texture.
  9. Consulting Engineers of Arg Bam. (2006). Designing the Faculty of Architecture of the Persian Gulf University.(In persian)
  10. Davoudpour,Z.& Shalchi, F. (2015). Approaches of Gentrification Model to Gentrify and Rehabilitate Urban Old Context. Space Ontology International Journal, 4 (15), 29-32 
  11. Drury, P.& Mcpherson, A. (2008).  Conservation Principles Policies and Guidance for the sustainable management of the historic environment, English Heritage
  12. Izadi, M. Sehhizadeh, M, (2004), Urban conservation and Development, Two complementary or contradictory approaches. Abadi (development) Journal. No. 43, pp 12 to 21.(In persian)
  13. Mohammadpoor, A. (2013). Renovation Experience, A Study on Change and Development in Hooraman with Theoretical Method. Tehran: Jame`eh Shenasan (sociologists) publications. .(In persian)
  14. Naraghi, H. & Padidar, H. (2005). The Studies of the Design of the Faculty of Architecture of the Persian Gulf University. (In persian)
  15. Oliveira, V & Pinho, P. (2010). Evaluation in Urban Planning, Journal of Planning Literature 24: 343.
  16. Pendlebury, J. (1999). The conservation of historic areas in the UK, Cities, Vol. 16, No. 6, pp. 423–433
  17. Pinto & Santos. (2008). Positive Self‐image and Incentives in organizations. The Economic Journal, 118, (531): 1315–1332
  18. Seyed Mosallaiea, P. & Khastou, M. (2017). Investigating the Social, Economic and Environmental Impacts of Constructing Urban Interchange. Space Ontology International Journal, Vol.6, Issue 3, 37 - 57
  19. Shakoori Moghaddam, M. (2010). The Future Path for Municipalities. Tehran: Zarreh
  20. Strauss, A. Corbin, J. (2011), The Foundations of Qualitative Research- translated by Ebrahim Afshar, Tehran, Ney Publications.
  21. Ying Ho, S. (1999). Evaluating Urban Regeneration Programs in Britain. Evaluation. 5: 422.