Investigating the Social, Economic and Environmental Impacts of Constructing Urban Interchanges (Comparison of the Main Interchanges in the city of Qazvin)

Authors

1 M.U.P., Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.

Abstract

Traffic problems are the most prominent urban dilemmas, especially during recent years, since the capacity of old traffic arteries don’t meet the increasing volume of population and vehicles, therefore, adopting some measures in order to enhance the capacity of existing roads has been placed on the agenda of urban managers. Changing the existing intersections to over changes is one of these methods. It seems that these structures which facilitate traffic dimension in some cases and after a period of time since exploitation make considerable impacts on other dimensions especially in terms of economic and social perspectives on neighborhoods. This research is the result of investigating the impacts caused by construction of four unleveled crosses of Shahid Motahari, Kowsar (Shahid Rajaei), Sardaran, and Seyed Hasan Nasrallah (Nasr) on their surrounding neighborhoods in Qazvin city and during a 6-year period since 2011 to 2016. Extracting and investigating the existing documentary data from prior-to-construction to the end of research period besides obtaining the comments of citizens and managers and then, statistically analyzing the results of SPSS and how the impacts affect neighborhoods and desirability rate of crossroads in terms of being overpass or underpass were of the main goals of this research. Also, developing the SWOT charts and applying the AHP method and recommending the practical solutions on the basis of extracted results in order to enhance desirability and to reduce negative effects of these crosses were of other measures performed in this study.

Keywords


  1. Ahadi, M., Naderi, A. (2013). Fundamental of Urban Transport Planning, Tehran, Police University Publication. (In Persian)
  2. Behin Taradod Pars Consultant Engineers.
  3. Dey Construction Corporation, (2013).
  4. Fazeli, M. (2010). Evaluating the Social Influences: Policies, Programs and Plans. Tehran, Jame Shenasan publications. (In Persian)
  5. Garno Plan Consultant Engineers.
  6. Gharib, F. (2012). Communication Network in Urban Design, Tehran University Publications. 8th Edition.
  7. Heidarian, A., Rezaei, G. Melak, M. (2014). Evaluating the Social Impacts in Construction of Interchange: Zia-odini interchange in Sanandaj, National Architecture, Civil and Urban Environment Conference. (In Persian)
  8. Hexa consultant engineers.
  9. Iran National Construction Corporation, (2013).
  10. Iranian Center for Development Studies, Jahad daneshgahi, Tehran University (2011). Report of Evaluating the Social Impacts of Niayesh-Sattari Overpass Junction. (In Persian)
  11. Kalantari, F.; Binesh, N. and Karami H. (2013). Role of Interchange in Reducing the Urban Traffic and Enhancing Ecological Issues in Kermanshah Province, National conference of Road, Rail and Airline Incidents. (In Persian)
  12. KashaniJou, K. (2009). Evolution of Theories regarding the Internal City Transits. Hoviat-e-Shahr monthly, Issue. 4, Vol. 3. (In Persian)
  13. Keshavarz, R. (2015). Analysis and Evaluation on Locating the Interchange Intersections in Urban Planning (Case study: Qazvin city). Thesis in Master of Urban Planning, Qazvin Islamic Azad University. (In Persian)
  14. Khaki, G., (2002), Research Methodology (with thesis writing approach), Tehran, Fojan publications. (In Persian)
  15. Lamei, M. (2013), Evaluating the Social Impacts of Construction of Interchange in Sardaran, Qazvin. Thesis in Urban Planning, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin. (In Persian)
  16. Le Corbusier, (1965), looking at city planning. Trans, M. Katebi., Tehran, Sepehr publications. (In Persian)
  17. Mahdizadeh, J. (2000), Concept and Basics of Pedestrian-oriented Urbanization. Municipality monthly, Issue. 19, Vol. 2. (In Persian)
  18. Ministry of Housing and Urbanization, Urbanization and Architecture Secretary (1996). Regulations of Municipality Roads, Part 7 (intersections).
  19. Naghibzadeh, H. (2013), Master Thesis on Urban Planning, Shiraz University, Art and Architecture Faculty. (In Persian)
  20. Ostrovsky, V. (1992), Contemporary Urban Planning, Trans: Etezadi, L., Markaz-e Nashr-e daneshgahi Publications, Tehran. (In Persian)
  21. Pakzad, J. (1993), Evolution of Notions in Urbanization (1), from Wishes to Reality), Tehrn, Armanshahr Publications. (In Persian)
  22. Pakzad, J. (1993), Evolution of Notions in Urbanization (2), from Quantity to Quality), Tehran, Armanshahr Publications. (In Persian)
  23. Pouratechi, M. (1993), Defenseless Spaces, Thesis in Urban Planning, Tehran University.
  24. Qazvin Master Plan, 2015.
  25. Saffarzadeh, M. (2010). Enhanced Parameters on Deciding Different Pieces of Intersections, Rahvar Research Studies. (In Persian)
  26. Shahi, J. (2016), Traffic Engineering, Publication of Science and Technology, University, Third edition. Tehran.