Investigating the Evolution of Spatial Structure Patterns of Migration in West-Azerbaijan Province

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Associate Professor of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 M.R.P., Faculty of Art and Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Migration and quality of redistribution of population across country is one of the main factors that planners take into account to control population and guide its movements to economic poles. Scientific recognition of migration phenomenon is important for managing and policy making in the country. These movements change migration pattern, in a way that along with increase in population and the number of cities, urban-urban and rural-urban pattern of migration turned to be the dominant pattern of migration. This pattern was geographically influenced by regional differences and social and economic attractions of cities and villages. Unplanned movements of rural population may bring undesirable consequences to regions and improperly change the region’s morphology and spatial structure pattern of the entire region. The main purpose of this research is to investigate and understand the patterns of intra-provincial migrations during last decades and to analyze the underlying factors. The method adopted for this research is quantitative and the approach is descriptive-analytical. Research data includes intra-provincial migration data in scale of the province’s rural sub- districts (Dehestan) during 1996- 2011, which is obtained from the Statistical Center of Iran (SCI). To analyze migration data, the methods of calculating the intensity of crude migration and factor analysis were used; then, correlation of spatial structure of West-Azerbaijan province with the variables of density, distance, connection and intra-provincial migration rate was examined. The results show that spatial structure of West-Azerbaijan was unidirectional in 1996; but, the spatial distribution trend of migration during selected 15 years revealed a kind of decentralization and tended towards clustered spatial pattern. The pattern of spatial connection changed from duality model to continuity model.

Keywords


  1. Basolo, V. (2003). US Regional and Rationality, Urban Studies,Vol. 40. (3):1-12.
  2. Bell, M., Charles-Edwards, E., Kupiszewski, M., Kupiszewska, D., Stillwell, J., & Zhu, Y. (2014). Internal migration around the world: Assessing contemporary practice, Population, Space and Place (forthcoming).
  3. Bell, M., Charles-Edwards, E., Kupiszewski, M., Kupiszewska, D., Stillwell, J., & Zhu, Y. (2014). Internal migration around the world: Assessing contemporary practice, Population, Space and Place (forthcoming).
  4. Bell, M., Blake, M., Boyle, P., Duke-Williams, O., Rees, P., Stillwell, J., & Hugo, G. (2002). Cross-national comparison of internal migration: issues and measures. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A Statistics in Society, 165(3): 435–464.
  5. Bertaud, A., & Malpezzi, S. (2003). The Spatial Distribution of Population in 48 world Cities: Implications for Economies in transition. Wisconsin Real Estate Department Working Paper.
  6. Blake, M., Bell, M., Rees, Ph. (2000). Creating a Temporally Consistent Spatial Framework for the Analysis of Interregional Migration in Australia, International Journal of Population Geoghraph, 6: 155-174.
  7. Capello, R. (2007). Spatial Spillovers and Regional Growth: A Cognitive Approach.
  8. Chalin, C. (1993). Urban dynamics or the dynamics of cities, translator proficient: Asghar Nazarian, The first edition, Mashhad: Publishers: Astan Quds.
  9. Chen, Y. (2010). Scaling and Spectral Analyses Based on Spatial Correlation Functions of Urban Form, Department of Geography: 54-75.           
  10. Fotheringham A.S. (1991). Migration and spatial structure: the development of the Competing Destinations Model. In Migration Models: Macro and Micro Approaches, Stillwell J., Congdon, P., (Eds). Belhaven: London: 57-72.
  11. Fürnkranz, A. (2009). International Migration and Demographic Change. Vienna Institute of Demography: 56-59.
  12. Kim, J. Ch. (1999). The application of factor analysis in social research with pre-programmed instructions spss, translator proficient: Kosari, M., Tehran: Salman Press.
  13. Knox, P. (1982).Urban social Geography an introduction; Longman scientific and technical, New York.
  14. Kousheshi, M. (2004). The role of youth in migration flows and labor supply in Tehran province, the second conference of the Population Association of Iran (Proceedings of the Iranian population with an emphasis on youth issues), Tehran. Publication of the Center for Demographic Studies and Research Asia Pacific.
  15. Lahestanizadeh, A. A. (1989). Migration theories, Navid Publications.
  16. Lomax, N. S., Norman, P., & Rees, P. (2013). Internal Migration in the United Kingdom: Analysis of an Estimated Inter-District Time Series, 2001–2011, Spatial Analysis, 7:25–45.
  17. Mahmoudian, H., & Moshfegh, M. (2008). Changes in the spatial structure of inter-regional migration in Iran during the period 1976 - 2006 The Letter of the Population Association of Iran, Third year, Number 6.
  18. Meijers, E .J. (2005). Polycentric Urban Regions and the Quest for Synergy. Vol. 42: 765-781.
  19. Mirzayi Galee, F., Kalantari, B., Molaii Ghelich, M., Azmi, A. (2012). Analysis of the mutual relationship between urban and rural areas in the development of suburban villages, Harsin city, Housing and rural environment, No 143:89-100.
  20. Nogle, J.M. (1997). Internal Migration Patterns for US Foreign-Born, 1985–1990, International Journal of Population Geography, VOL. 3: 1–13.
  21.  Norwegian Refugee Council. (2007). Internal displacement global overview of trends and developments in 2006, internal displacement monitoring center. Geneva: Norwegian Refugee Council.
  22. Okonny-Myers, I. (2010). The Interprovincial Mobility of Immigrants in Canada, research and evaluation.
  23. Rogers, A., Sweeney, S. (1998). Measuring the spatial focus of migration patterns, Professional Geographer 50: 232-242.
  24. Seabrook, J. (2007).cities and Small Guides to Big Issues, Pluto Press.
  25. Shen, J. (2013). Explaining Interregional Migration Changes in China, 1985–2000, Using a Decomposition Approach, Regional Studies, and Vol. 49. (7): 1176–1192.
  26. Stillwell, J., Duke-Williams, O., & Dennett, A. (Eds.). (2010). Technologies for Migration and Commuting Analysis Spatial Interaction Data Applications. Hershey: IGI Global.
  27. Tirtosudarmo, R. (2009). Mobility and human development in Indonesia. Human Development Research Paper (HDRP) 2009/19, UNDP.
  28. Vidyattama, Y. (2013). Inter-provincial migration and 1975–2005 regional growth in Indonesia, Regional Science, Vol. 95:87-106.
  29. Wu, C. (2003). Analysis on spatial structure of land use change based on remote sensing and geographical information system. Vol. 12: 145 –150.