An Analysis of Space Distribution and Applied Site Selection of Urban Lands with an Emphasis on Access to Civil Services based on AHP Model in GIS Environment (Case Study: Qazvin Institutes of Higher Education)
1Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran
2M.S. Student, Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran
One of the important issues for the majority of the planners is the optimized concentration and distribution of service centers. The well-balanced distribution of these centers and services need appropriate site selection so that all walks of life have easy access to these services. From among service centers, site selection for higher education centers is important in terms of their importance and the quality of environmental and physical conditions such as comfort, efficiency, health and safety, vicinity to compatible centers and distance from incompatible centers. This is important in quality of the services. For realization of this type of site selection various data should be gathered and it is very difficult to extract outputs from these data to remove the problems. During the recent years, new systems and models have been added to the urban planning and land use planning, which have become good instruments for understanding and confrontation with everyday complications of cities thanks to the advancements made in the information technology. One of the recent technological developments is the geographical information system or GIS that has high capabilities in spatial analysis. Due to the complexity and abundance of information on the subject matter of this research, we have used GIS. This research, that has been conducted by descriptive-analytical-applied method and based on GIS system, spatial analysis, using spatial data, and reviewing and comparing sites proposed in upstream plan of Qazvin (Sharmand), reviewed selection of best sites for higher education centers in Qazvin. The selected sites were compared and contrasted with the land use of the existing parcels of land and finally sites with first and second priority were selected for construction of higher education centers in District 3 in a concentrated way. The selected sites were located in Ayatollah Abutorabi Blvd. and around Mir Emad Blvd. with first priority. The lands on Abutorabi Blvd. gained priority due to certain reasons we will mention in the coming pages. In the second priority, the downstream areas of ShahrakMinoo were proposed for establishment of higher education centers.