Approaches of Gentrification Model to Gentrify and Rehabilitate Urban Old Context

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran

2 M.S. Student, Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran

Abstract

The present paper is a case study on one of the old areas in the city of Ardabil with an approach of gentrification model to gentrify and rehabilitate the old urban context. Besides the library studies, this study includes local observations and questionnaires which deal with the opinions of residents on the problems and shortcomings. It also includes the ways of satisfying the residents to keep on living in the area. In this regard, the reason for main residents’ decision to move away is studied through three specifications of old context (size of segments, quality of buildings and availability) in the first part of model based on an external map named real estate desirability in every part of the area, while the residents’ tendency to move away is studied and analyzed through specified scales which have been given weights for each part. At the end, the state of area is observed in terms of gentrification and real estate desirability for the residents in order to specify the results by combining two output maps of each part of model (estate desirability map and the map of main residents’ tendency to move away) in GIS and analyzing them with the application, then the results are acquired and some approaches are presented.

Keywords


  1. Aberley, D. (Ed.). (1994). Futures by design: The practice of ecological planning, Gabriola Island: New Society Publishers.
  2. Alavitabar, Alireza, (2001) , Participation in Urban Affairs Management, Studying the Pattern of Residents’ Participation in Managing Urban Affairs, Municipalities Organization Press, Second Volume.
  3. Ghai, Dharom; Participation for Development, Human Development and International Development Strategy for the (1990), London, macmillan, www.unhabitat.org/declarations/habitat_agenda.htm, 1990.
  4. Habibi, Seyed Mohsen; Maghsoodi, Malihe, (2002) , Urban Restoration, Tehran University Press.
  5. Lidia Diappi, Paola Bolchi, (2008) , Smith’s rent gap theory and local real estate dynamics: A multi-agent model, www.sciencedirect.com,.
  6. Paul M. Torrens, Atsushi Nara, Modeling gentrification dynamics: A hybrid approach, www.elsevier.com, Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, (2007).
  7. Rahnama, Muhammad Rahim, (1996), Introduction and Evaluation of Gentrification Theory in Rehabilitation Process of Urban Old Context, Journal of Geographical Research, No. 42.
  8. Rahnama, Muhammad Rahim, (2009), Planning the Central Areas of Cities, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.
  9. Rahnama, Muhammad Rahim, et al., (1996) , Studying and Understanding Old Urban Areas with Emphasis on Downtown in the City of Mashhad, Ph. D Dissertation, Geography Department, University of Tarbiat Modares University of Tehran.
  10. Safari, Baba, (1994), Ardebil in the Passage of History, Islamic Azad University of Ardebil Press.
  11. www.udro.Org.ir