1Professor of Town and Regional Planning, Faculty of Geography, Department of Geography and Town Planning, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2Kish International Campus, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3Alborz International Campus, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
The field of crisis management knowledge and expertise is associated with a wide range of fields. Knowledge-based crisis management is a combination of science, art and practice. Iran is an earthquake-prone country. Through years several earthquakes have happened in the country resulting in many human and financial losses. According to scientific standards, the first 24 hours following an earthquake is the most valuable time for saving victims. Yet in the case of Bam only 5% of the victims were rescued within the first 48 hours. The success of disaster management is evaluated in terms of programming, raising public participation, organizing and hiring manpower, and supervising the management process. In this study disaster management is divided into three stages in which different actions are required. The stages and actions are explained in detail. Moreover, features, effects, and losses of the earthquake are described.
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http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/84/1/news10106/en/index.html was 2005 the year of natural disasters, April 20th 2008.